Gary Thuerk, the then marketing manager of the now defunct Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), sends a mass email to 397 prospects using the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPAnet) of the US Defence Department, with an invite for a product demo.
He clicked send. And that’s how it all began. Image Source
The emails win them sales worth of more than $12 million. And, it was also the first email marketing campaign.
Or, as critics like to call it, the first spam.
With users becoming increasingly wary of unsolicited emails, the triggered email was born as a solution, which is sent only to those people who have performed a particular action.
A transactional email is one such kind of triggered email, and are by far, the most favorite child among its siblings.
First, a one-line definition of what they are (just to ensure that we start from the same page):
Transactional emails are automated emails that are sent to your customers, triggered by their activities within your app, like signing up for a plan, changing a plan, modifying their user details, etc.
There are four main types of transactional emails, namely:
- Welcome emails – the first “Hey! Glad to have you on board” emails sent to new users
- Confirmation emails – emails that acknowledge that a process, usually started off by the user, is complete (eg., order confirmation, file export, payment receipt, etc.)
- Notification emails – emails that, well, notify the users, about particular events that happen in their app (eg., password resets, updates in important metrics, updates in tasks, etc.)
- Reminder emails – emails that nudge the users to carry out an action that’s pending or is nearing a deadline (eg., shopping cart abandonment, subscription renewal, incomplete account verification, etc.)
Now coming to the ‘favorite child’ part.
- Transactional emails boast 2x the unique open rates of non-transactional emails.
- The median click-through-rate of transactional emails is 4.8%, that’s 3 times higher than that of non-transactional emails (1.6%).
- Saving the best for the last: about 43% of transactional emails are clicked on after being opened (click-to-open rate), with respect to top-quartile performers. That’s 13.2% points higher than their non-transactional counterparts.
What do these impressive numbers spell?
Opportunity to have meaningful conversations. Opportunity to offer personalized product recommendations and/or support. Opportunity to build and strengthen relationships.
And this crisp guide will help you in leveraging the might of these underappreciated emails, and turn those opportunities into meaningful outcomes.
How to create lovable and loving transactional emails:
1. Stay simple. Stay slick. Stay self-explanatory.
Simplicity at its best.
- Maxim of Quantity -Try to be as informative as possible, and share only as many details as required (and not more)
- Maxim of Quality – Try to be truthful, don’t share any information that’s either false or lacks ample evidence
- Maxim of Relation – Try to share information that’s relevant to the conversation
- Maxim of Manner – Try to be brief and orderly, and stay away from obscurity and ambiguity
And your transactional emails should abide by each of those principles.
Hack away at the fluff (the confetti can wait), stay laser-focused (every email should have one purpose only – not more than that), and give them just the right amount of details that they need at that point in time.
Notice how Squarespace ticks all those boxes, and even manages to earn extra brownie points, by squeezing a couple of smiling team members towards the end, as a way of making the intimidated users feel at ease about the whole process.
(Note: They could’ve also provided a link or two to tutorials/videos/guides to make the best use of the product. That would’ve been a good starting point for the new users.)
2. Shed the automated tone. Sound like a human.
This welcome email to the newsletter subscribers sounds more human than many actual humans.
Yes, your customers are well-aware that the emails are automated. But no, it doesn’t have to sound like a C-3PO.
You can see how Drift’s email offers a sense of comfort to the readers – a feeling that they just received an email from Dave himself, and that he actually cares about the subscriber and what they have to say. And mind you, this isn’t their first version – they had their fair share of email eureka moments before crafting these beauties.
(Tip: As much as possible, avoid sending emails from addresses like “email@example.com”, or god forbid, “firstname.lastname@example.org”. The same applies to the From name – “Josh from ABC” sounds more welcoming than “ABC Reminder”. A little number to back that – about 68% Americans claim that their decision to open an email is based on the From name.)
3. Stand true to one, consistent voice.
The subject line of this email? “Look what you did, you little jerk…”
Now your emails sound more human. Great! The next step – make them look like they’re from a single human.
For starters, try and ask yourself these two questions:
- If your brand were a person, who would they be?
- If you remove your logo and company name from your emails, will the readers be able to identify that the emails are from you?
By being everything to everyone you’re nothing to anyone.
Give your emails a personality. According to Brad Abrams, Google Assistant’s group platform manager, those conversational bots with the strongest personas had the best retention rates. Abrams’ team even has a persona sheet in place, that lists down all the phrases that their bots should and shouldn’t use.
Google’s persona sheet. When a bot becomes a person. Image Source
Hustle’s newsletter is meant for millennials, and the emails reflect that. The voice is casual, no-holds-barred, chatty, with zero jargons and pretensions. And the best part? This stays consistent across all their channels.
4. Smile. Show some love.
That warm fuzzy feeling you get when you read this email.
Your customers have made a choice. A choice to shake hands with you and get associated with you, and not with your competitor across the street.
And you should make sure that they know much you appreciate that choice. In every chance you get. In every channel you can get into.
Including your transactional emails. Make them feel special. Reward them for their relationship with you, and show them that you’re glad that they’re reading that email at that moment in time.
I’ve learned that people will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel.
Buffer does this phenomenally well. Just the subject line, “Thanks for your payment. You are making Buffer possible! :-)” is enough to make any customer feel special. And it probably would’ve taken them about 10-15 minutes to create that.
Birchbox sends an exclusive discount coupon to its customers on their birthdays. In this day and age — where most of us need social media to remind us of our loved ones’ birthdays — who wouldn’t fall in love with such a sweet gesture?
Happy email to you!
5. Save their time, effort, and energy.
1.05 seconds. That’s how long it will take to get the crux of this email.
Us humans currently sport an attention span of 8 seconds, which is apparently less than that of a goldfish.
8 seconds is all you’ve got to get the point across in your email.
Apart from apps that filter out emails based on their urgency and importance, how can we, as senders of those emails, be more empathetic and make our emails sensitive to the recipient’s state of mind and productivity?
First off, have just one single purpose for each email. Your subject line, your body content, and your CTAs should be centered around that goal. Kill everything else that might distract the reader.
Have one clear call-to-action. Avoid using friction words (like Download, Apply, Order, Submit) in your CTAs. Use benefit-focussed terms instead. Changing one single word in your CTA can boost your conversions by 14.79%.
If you’re sending an email with critical information, like the failure of a payment, send the email at a time that’s convenient for the customer, and not when the payment actually fails.
Ensure that your emails load faster. Include a neat plain-text version of your emails that don’t have many differences from you HTML version. If you have image-heavy HTML emails, make them basic or rich text as much as possible. Add ALT texts to the images. Have your main CTA render without an image. Assume that most of your readers will not have the images displayed.
Switch seamlessly between platforms. See to it that your emails look just as gorgeous and smart on mobile as well.
Include deep links wherever possible, to cut down the number of clicks. Here’s an example:
Rate your favorite read without having to leave your inbox? I’m sold!
Take a (second) look at Apple’s email. The image conveys what the product stands for and it fades to black, bringing attention to the heart of the matter, which then takes you to the super-straightforward CTA. As focused as an arrow.
Bonus tip: Make use of Inbox Action buttons that show up on Gmail, if you meet the criteria and if you think that it will make sense for the particular email. It just takes a few lines of code and works wonders in saving your customer’s time and effort.
Simple interactions that save a couple of extra clicks. Image Source
6. Stick up for them. Side with them.
HubSpot Academy is rooting for Amanda, alright.
Personalize the experience. Unlike cold marketing emails, in the case of transactional emails already sitting on a goldmine of information about the recipients. And the least you could do is to address them by their first names, set the time stamp to reflect their corresponding time zones, and share information that makes sense for them.
(Note: Including the customer’s first name in the subject line has its own set of benefits. PadiAct saw an uptick of 5% in opens and 17% in click-throughs in a month, just by adding the name in the subject line.)
HubSpot goes one step further in the personalization game. With the help of Smart CTAs, their emails display the various courses that are available to the customer, along with the status of each course.
Segment the customers. And include links to helpful articles and guides that will resonate with that particular segment. Say something about a new feature update that might help that specific group.
Send relevant emails. Notice that a customer hasn’t used your app for a considerable time, send them a “Is everything alright?” email instead of a generic activity summary.
Connect with them. Ask them questions. Let them know that you’re eagerly waiting on the other end of the line to listen to what they have in mind. And make sure that they don’t have to jump through hoops to get your attention. Give them links to pages (like FAQs, track your order, customer forums, etc.) that might come in handy when they have a question.
Smooth, non-pushy, personalized cross-selling. Skillshare gets it.
As we discussed in the introduction, you’re leaving a lot of cash on the table by not taking advantage of your transactional emails.
Recommend products related to their purchase history, cross-sell add-ons, up-sell higher-tier plans. Have a healthy mix of recommendations that dynamically change for each customer and hard-coded suggestions.
Give them options to refer new customers, or to give you a shout out on social media. Give them good reasons to do so, with referral bonus or benefit-focussed promotional offers.
Follow the 80:20 rule – 80% transactional information, 20% promotional content. Design your email in such a way that the promotional information takes a back seat (even your subject line should only talk about the transaction). Keep in mind, that whatever said and done, it’s a transactional email and its primary objective is to inform your customer about an event.
8. Steer clear of the spam folder.
If a tree falls in a forest and no one is around to hear it, does it make a sound?
Let’s say you paid heed to all the aforementioned aspects, except for this last one. Now, what will we get? A perfect transactional email, that lands in the spam folder and doesn’t live to see the light of day.
Here are a few pointers to ensure that this doesn’t happen:
- Avoid the use of spam trigger words
- Use a reliable email service provider (ESP)
- Avoid sleazy practices like using “Re:” or “Fwd:” in subject lines
- Use trustworthy From field names (“email@example.com” instead of “firstname.lastname@example.org”). Send relevant, solicited emails using those addresses to boost their reputation.
Before we conclude, here’s a transactional emails-version of Isaac Asimov’s Three Laws of Robotics:
- A transactional email may not cause inconvenience to a recipient or, through inaction, allow a human being to suffer a disadvantage.
- A transactional email must obey orders given to it by recipients (“don’t remind me again”, “unsubscribe me from this list”) except where such orders would conflict with the First Law (in which case, a double opt-in should be in order).
- A transactional email must accomplish its main objective (informing the recipients about something/getting them to perform an action), as long as the objective does not conflict with the First or Second Law.
Create and send beautiful transactional emails. To the right people. At the right time. With little effort. Join the waitlist.